The rundown Hemp History ….
Hemp is a plant of the family Cannabaceae cultivated for its bast fiber and edible seeds. it is often confused with cannabis plants grown for their narcotic components ie marijuana.
Hemp cultivation was recorded in China as early as 2800 BCE and its growing and use practiced in Mediterranean countries of Europe in the early Christian era. Hemp spread throughout the rest of Europe during the middle ages and was planted in Chile in the 1500s, a century later in North America. In the early 1930s hemp growing ground to a halt amid push for the adoption of petroleum-based synthetic textiles even with the introduction of new machines that improved the efficiency in the production of hemp fibers. Hemp was subsequently banned in 1937 with the passing of the marihuana tax act. Only farmers with special permits were allowed to grow hemp following the ‘Hemp for victory’ campaign from 1942 after the second world war. In 1970 the Controlled Substances Act classified Marihuana ( including hemp) as an illegal schedule I drug and imposed regulations on the cultivation of industrial hemp. However, in 1998, the US began importing food-grade hemp seed and oil.
In 2004, the Ninth Circuit court moved to permanently protect the sale of hemp foods and body care products in the US. Later, two North Dakota farmers got the first hemp licenses in 2007. President Obama signed the Farm Bill in 2014 which allowed research institutions to pilot research on hemp farming. In 2015, the Industrial Hemp farming Act was introduced in an attempt to fully legalize hemp, and a Colorado farm later earning the organic certification from USDA for its hemp moved the industry forward. On December 20, 2018, President Trump signed the Agricultural Improvement of 2018, the ‘Farm Bill’, amendment into law which removed hemp and all its forms from the controlled substances act. The cultivation and use of hemp is now federally legal across all the 50 states but with tight restrictions/ rules which are mostly dependent on state laws related to the cultivation and production. Although many attempts have been made by varying states to make it seem illegal it is not illegal its in fact very LEGAL and it a commodity crop in USA like soybeans or corn and should be treated as such.
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